Responsibility and Governance in AI
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Responsibility and Governance in AI

Dates
June 12, 2023
Type
LectureLab
Section
Governance in AI
Guest Speaker

Topic: Principles of Responsible AI

Key Terms

Responsible AI, transparency, accountability, governance

Guiding Questions

  1. What is meant by Responsible AI?
  2. What roles do transparency and accountability play in Responsible AI?
  3. How can we incorporate principles of Responsible AI into AI development?

To Read

"Responsible AI: A Guide to the Future" - Virginia Dignum

Read: Introduction + Chapter 3

Ethical Guidelines

To Watch

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I actually got my links mixed up! There is quite a bit to critique on this video, so I’ll leave it up. We could certainly think through the values we’ve been working on and how our panels are able to apply them or fail to apply them.

Student Facilitation

for facilitation schedule

Reading: Privacy and Freedom - Alan Westin

Read Chapter 2: “Privacy in the Modern Democratic State”

Summary: In this seminal work on privacy, Westin explores the societal and individual impacts of privacy violations. Students will discuss how these concepts apply to AI systems that handle personal data, and what measures can be taken to respect and protect user privacy.

Key Questions

  1. What are the key ethical considerations around AI and data privacy?
  2. How might different ethical theories (deontology, utilitarianism, virtue ethics, etc.) approach AI's impact on data privacy differently?
  3. How should AI systems be designed to respect user privacy?
  4. How do current laws and regulations address AI and data privacy, and what ethical considerations might they overlook?
  5. How does the trade-off between personalization (or utility) and privacy in AI systems present ethical challenges?

Journal / Group Work

Class Activity: Drafting a mock AI Law

Objective: We will engage in a practical application of their knowledge by drafting a new "law" that addresses the trade-off between personalization (or utility) and privacy in AI systems. This is your journal entry for today. Have one or two people in the group responsible for taking notes and writing out the “law” for your team. It should be about one page long. Everyone in the group will turn in the same document as part one of this week’s journal.

to do

  1. Research:
  2. Drafting:
  • Following the discussion, ask each group to imagine they have been tasked with drafting a new "law" that addresses the trade-off between personalization (or utility) and privacy in AI systems. Develop a specific use-case and write a law or guidelines (tenets) to guide developers and businesses.
  • Deeply consider your tradeoffs (who benefits and who doesn’t?)
    • Personalization vs. Privacy: More personalized AI services require more data, often personal, which may lead to privacy concerns. How much personal data should AI systems be allowed to collect in the name of personalization?
    • Utility vs. Fairness: AI algorithms that optimize for utility or efficiency may inadvertently perpetuate societal biases, leading to unfair outcomes. How should the law balance the benefits of utility with the imperative for fairness?
    • Innovation vs. Accountability: Strict regulations may slow down AI innovation, but lax regulations might not provide sufficient accountability for AI developers. How should the law strike a balance.
  • Here’s how you can format your document (click the toggle arrow below). ⬇️
Formatting of a law: Here’s a rough sketch on how to format a law
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Drafting actual laws involves a thorough understanding of legal theory and practice, which is beyond the scope of this class. I’m not expecting true legal language. But, have some fun with it.
  1. Title: A succinct name for the proposed law that describes its overall purpose or effect.
  2. Preamble: A preliminary statement that lays out the law's intent, objectives, and the problems it is designed to address. Be specific about your use case here.
  3. Definitions: A section where key terms used in the law are explicitly defined. Use some of the terms from our reading today.
  4. Provisions: The main body of the law, organized into sections and/or subsections. This is where the specifics of the law are outlined. These can be bullet points or outlines. You do not have to start everything with “Resolved….” but you can if you want.
  5. Penalties/Enforcement: A section detailing the penalties for violations of the law and the methods of enforcement. What happens to someone who breaks your rule or tenets?
  1. Presentation Phase:
  • After each group has completed their draft "law," present it to the class. We will ask questions and see if we can understand the law’s potential effects.
  • We’ll Engage the class in a discussion about the strengths and weaknesses of each proposed "law," and what challenges might arise in implementing it.
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We aren’t going to concern ourselves with enforcement, those are questions for a different day.

This is your journal entry for today. Be sure to turn in a copy of your team’s mock law. We’ll add to it during the next class.